Istanbul in Turkey is considered the most important incubator of civilizations throughout history. These great civilizations have left important historical landmarks for this city, which is today considered one of the most important historical treasures in the world,
Among the most important tourist attractions in Istanbul are its historical palaces, which are distributed in various parts of it. Among the most important:
Over the course of 13 years, the process of building the filled garden palace or the Dolmabahçe was on the land of an ancient port on the bank of the Bosporus Strait in the Besiktas region. The palace was built in 1843 AD by order of the Ottoman Sultan Abdul Majid I.
In addition to the distinguished location in contact with the water of the strait, the Dolmabahce Palace has many artifacts and important natural and archaeological monuments. The palace consists of 285 rooms, covering 14 tons of gold and 60 tons of silver in its cladding. Huge crystal chandelier in the center of the palace lobby, made of crystal and weighing more than 4 tons. There is also the room in which Ataturk, the founder of the Turkish Republic, died, the palace also has a cafeteria overlooking the sea and visitors are allowed to sit in it.
Adjacent to the Hagia Sophia Museum, specifically in Sultanahmet Square, is the Topkapi Palace or the Palace of the "High Gate". This palace was built on the remains of an ancient Byzantine palace during the reign of the conquering Sultan Mehmed II in 1478 AD according to the date engraved at the entrance to the palace alongside the seal of Sultan Muhammad Al-Fateh, and this section was returned to its place after its restoration by order of Sultan Abdul Aziz in 1867 CE.
This palace was the main residence of the sultans of the Ottoman Empire in the first 400 years of the rule of the Ottomans, before the construction of the Palace of Dolmabahce and Yildiz Palace.
It is classified among the sites of world monuments by UNESCO, and among the most important features of the palace is the Hall of Holy Trusts, the Hermelic Pavilion and its three archaeological museums.
The first person to make him the seat of government is Sultan Abdul Hamid II in 1853 AD, and he remained so until the establishment of the Turkish Republic, where the accommodation of the President to the State was transferred to the Dolmabahce, but today it returned to be the headquarters of the President of the Republic after the Turkish government led by Recep Tayyip Erdogan restored it and made it the official presidential palace.
Yildiz Palace is located within Yildiz Park, which is the garden of the palace that Sultan Abdul Hamid supervised himself to care for and fill with all kinds of flowers and trees located between the Besiktas and Ortakoy regions.
Today this palace is an important tourist destination in Istanbul in addition to being the seat of hosting important personalities from the world leaders.
The name of the palace comes from the Persian language, which means "light." The reason for this designation is that the sun's rays are reflected on the stones of the white palace and you feel as if the light is emitting from it.
The palace is located on the bank of the European strait and was built in 1871 AD, where the foundation stone was laid for its construction during the reign of Sultan Abdul Aziz in 1855 AD.
Today, the ownership of the palace has been transferred to a foreign company, which has restored it and converted it into a luxury hotel in which many important events are held.
This palace is located on the Asian side of the Bosporus, just below the Bosporus Bridge in the Beylerbeyi area. The Beylerbeyi Palace was built by the order of Sultan Abdul Aziz in 1861 AD in the place of the Muhammad Pasha Palace that was destroyed by the fire.
Like most of the Ottoman palaces built in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, its design blends the two Western styles with the East, and these are the most beautiful characteristics of these palaces in general.
Today this palace has turned into a museum that receives visitors and gives them the opportunity to see the great building and the magnificence of its holdings.