Today, the Turkish city of Istanbul, with its European and Asian parts, is at the top of the list for tourists from different countries of the world when they consider traveling and tourism, spending their holidays and enjoying their time.
Istanbul is one of the most beautiful cities in the world and most rich in various tourist destinations, recreational, cultural and historical, as this city owns the most important tourist attractions in Turkey and for this is the preferred destination for visitors from inside and outside Turkey.
Among the most important tourist places in historical Istanbul, is the Sultanahmet Square, this field which embraces the most important and ancient historical monuments in the city and carries its mixed identity between the different civilizations that prevailed and removed from it and on it.
Sultanahmet Square location and how to go to it:
The Sultanahmet area is located in the Fatih district in the European section of Istanbul, overlooking the Bay of the Golden Horn and near the famous Eminonu Port on the Sea of Marmara
You can go to the Sultanahmet area in several ways, including:
From Taksim Square, by going to the Kabatas area by metro and then going to the square by tramway from the Kabatas station to Sultanahmet Square
It can also be reached by bus from Taksim Square or by taxi
It is also possible to go to Sultanahmet Square from the Eminonu port on foot or by tramway
History of Sultanahmet Square and the most important historical monuments in it:
Sultanahmet Square dates back to the Byzantine era, where it was known as the Hippodrome, as this rectangular square was the preferred Byzantine emperor's site for entertainment and relaxation, being the center of Constantinople
The field includes a group of historical columns, including the snake column, the lattice column, and the Pharaonic obelisk, as this field maintained its importance during later historical periods.
Its name goes back to the Ottoman Sultan Ahmet I who ordered the construction of the Sultanahmet Mosque in this field near the famous Hagia Sophia Museum.
Because of the importance of the location of this field, the most important historical monuments were built there throughout the ages and with successive empires from Byzantine to Ottoman through Roman, and from the most important historical and touristic monuments in Sultanahmet Square today we mention:
Hagia Sophia Museum:
The construction of the Hagia Sophia dates back to the sixth century AD, when the Byzantine Emperor Justin ordered the construction of a church on the ruins of a Roman cathedral and it was named the Hagia Sophia or "divine wisdom",
It remained so until the advent of the Ottoman era, when Sultan Mehmed II converted it into a mosque and ordered to build its minarets while preserving the Christian identity and monuments in it and only covering it instead of removing it.
In the early twentieth century with the founding of the Turkish Republic, Hagia Sophia was converted into a museum of religions and remained so to this day.
Hagia Sophia is considered one of the most important tourist attractions in Istanbul and it is one of the most beautiful buildings in terms of exterior architectural design with a Byzantine character with the Ottoman minarets, and on the one hand intermarry the various architecture and various religious motifs that combine Christianity photography and the beauty of Arabic calligraphy in writing Quranic verses and religious phrases.
Sultanahmet Mosque (Blue Mosque):
The Sultanahmet Mosque or the Blue Mosque was built by order of the Ottoman Sultan Ahmet I in the year 1609-1616 under the supervision of Eng. Muhammad Agha, one of the students of the famous architect "Sinan"
The Sultan ordered the construction of the mosque in a difficult period that the Ottoman Empire went through due to its loss in some wars, as it was built from the state treasury and not from the spoils of wars, and for this the Sultan was criticized for its construction by some religious scholars.
The mosque is characterized by the traces of fingerprints of Byzantine and Ottoman architecture, its location overlooking the Sea of Marmara and its encounter with the Hagia Sophia Museum. The mosque has a wide courtyard, 43 meters high and has more than 200 windows.
The Topkapi Palace was built by order of Sultan Mehmed II in 1459 AD and was built on the ruins of a Byzantine castle in a privileged location of the city overlooking the Bosporus and the Golden Horn Bay
It was built using the best architects and was initially named after the new palace, or "Yeni Saray".
This palace remained the seat of the Ottoman sultans for nearly 400 years, and most of them added their own modifications during this period.
As for the palace that exists today, it took its final form by order of Sultan Abdul Aziz, where the main entrance or door bearing the seal of Sultan Muhammad II and the date of its establishment, in addition to the date of its return in the eighteenth century, was restored.
The Basilica Palace:
The Basilica cistern was built on the remains of a public square that was established in the late third century AD, which was called the "Basilica Sto". From this came the name of the place. This square was a commercial and cultural center. The structure of the first palace was built by order of the Byzantine Emperor Constantine to be built Completely during the reign of Justin in the sixth century AD with the construction of Hagia Sophia.
As for its name, it is from the fact that it contains a ground reservoir in which water was purified and distributed from it to what was known as the Grand Palace during the Byzantine era
Today, the Basilica palace is an important tourist attraction in Istanbul, and it is one of its most mysterious and attractive historical landmarks for tourists from various countries of the world, in addition to being a favorite material for myths, stories, novels and international films over the years.